Engines and Drivetrains Described

Engines and Drivetrains Described

Where will they go and just what will it mean?


Lotus EliseWhile nearly all cars get their engine within the front wheels, which enables better transporting capacity, mid-engine cars provide a more favourable weight distribution. The engine usually sits just while watching rear axle, behind the passenger compartment. This often implies that mid-engine cars are a couple of-seaters because the engine trespasses into what can be utilized for that rear passenger space. The benefits include better handling, better stopping (since the rear wheels convey more weight them over), enhanced acceleration (where they are rear-wheel drive too), along with a softer ride. Since the engine isn’t directly facing in to the wind, vents, air scoops, and extra radiators might have to be employed to keep your engine awesome. Common mid-engined cars are Ford GT, Lotus Elise, Porsche Boxster and Ferrari 355.


Just about all mid-engined cars are rear-wheel drive (MR), though many are four-wheel drive, such as the Bugatti Veyron, and a couple of were even mid-engined front wheel drive (e.g. Citroen DS).


McLaren Mercedes SLRA front-mid (FM) engine sits just behind the leading axle, and coupled with rear-wheel drive provides a better weight distribution than the usual front-rear (FR) vehicle, in which the engine has ended the leading axle. Good examples range from the Maserati Quattroporte, Mazda RX-7, Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren and Dodge Viper.


Porsche 911 CabrioletThe Porsche 911 is easily the most developed rear-engine rear-wheel drive vehicle on the planet, getting had over 4 decades of incremental iterations to hone its engineering. Rear-engined cars are in which the center of gravity from the motor is behind the trunk axle. They are infamously hard to make stable since the engine functions just like a pendulum, meaning once that back finish steps around it’s harder to manage than a fired up puppy.


Toyota CelicaFront-engined, front-wheel drive cars (FF) would be the safe option for the typical driver. They understeer when pressed hard, plus they give extra space within the cabin since the cars have no need for a transmission tunnel right through to the rear wheels. Most family cars are FF.

Toyota SupraFront-engined, rear-wheel drive cars (FR) would be the option for many a sports vehicle and muscle vehicle. Common cars range from the Toyota Altezza (Lexus IS200), most BMWs and Mercedes saloons/sedans, and also the Corvettes Z06.

Four-wheel drive (4WD) or all-wheel drive (AWD)

4WD School BusFWD provides the ultimate grip, but saps engine energy with the extra moving parts. Some cars have viscous center differentials to ensure that energy is channeled simply to either the leading or rear unless of course linked with emotions . skid, then your diff apportions more energy to another wheels.

Categories: Automotive, Featured
Tags: Engines

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